Migraines are a specific type of headache that is prolonged or severe and can cause throbbing pain in the temples as well as other side effects. They can vary in their triggering factor, but the below treatments can help you manage your symptoms. Answer the questions in our online consultation, available by clicking any of the treatments below, and our prescribers will recommend the best treatment for your condition.
A migraine is a severe type of headache that consists of a throbbing pain on one side of the head. Some people experience auras (signs such as seeing light-flashes, zigzags, waves, or stars) before onset of their migraine as a warning sign. Migraines are common, particularly in women. They can last from four hours to three days. The frequency of migraines varies in each individual, from only occasionally to several times a week.
The exact cause of migraines is unknown, but it is thought that migraines are induced by vessels in the brain temporarily dilating. Migraines can be triggered by a number of factors, such as stress, anxiety, lack of sleep, exhaustion, extreme stimulation of the senses, certain foods (e.g. alcohol and cheese) and certain medications.
Nausea & vomiting
Headache with throbbing pain at the front or side of the head
Photosensitivity - increased sensitivity to light
What is the difference between a migraine and a headache?
A headache is a dull pain on both sides of the head that lasts from 30 minutes to several days. Whereas a migraine is a throbbing pain usually at the front or one side of the head associated with other symptoms such as nausea and vomiting.
What treatments are available for migraines?
Painkillers such as paracetamol can be used to block the pain sensation. Stronger 5HT-receptor agonist medication known as ‘triptans’ can also be used to contract the dilated vessel, which relieves the pain and other associated symptoms, such as nausea.
What are the different types of migraines?
There are three types of migraines:
Migraine without aura - there is no warning of onset
Migraines with aura - warning signs of visual distortions
Migraine with aura but no headache - only other symptoms present (e.g. nausea)
How long do migraines last?
It varies with each individual, but usually between 4 to 72 hours.